Module descriptors

Legal Research Methods

This module introduces students to legal research. It explains how to conduct legal research under several methods. It discusses, among other topics, legal issues, hypotheses, title, sources of data and other skills necessary for conducting legal research. The module also trains students on legal writing and the use of legal terminology.

 

Introduction to Law

This is an introductory module that introduces students to the legal systems and the main branches of law. Furthermore, it provides a general introduction on the theory of legal right, the sources of law, the types of legal rules, and the process by which newly enacted laws come into force. It is intended to explain and discuss the relevant main topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Principles of Commercial Law

This module introduces students to principles of commercial law and familiarises them with the framework and mechanisms of commercial law. The modules covers the legal framework of commercial law and the application of fundamental principles to business transactions in the domestic and international sphere, including the nature and sources of commercial law; sale of goods; law of agency; UAE Commercial Agencies Law No. 18 of 1981; and the UAE Commercial Transactions Law.

 

Sources of Obligation (1)

This module covers the wilful sources of obligation, ie contract and unilateral promise. It is intended to explain and discuss the relevant main topics under both UAE and English law. It covers several topics, such as offer and acceptance, consideration and promissory estoppel, the subject-matter of contract, the legitimate causes of contract, privity and third parties, types of contract, competence of parties and contracts by agents, terms of contract, limitation of liability, termination of contracts, and unilateral promise.

 

Criminal Law: General Part

This module covers the general part of criminal law through addressing the general principles that govern criminal law. It also examines the application of criminal law in real-life scenarios as well as the objectives of criminal law. The topics include the elements of crime, criminal jurisdiction, penalties, and precautionary measures.

 

Constitutional Law

This module aims to introduce students to constitutional processes by which the relationship between the individual and the state and the relationship between the organs of the state are regulated. The module covers types of constitutions, essence of constitutions, sources of constitutional rules, the place of constitutional law in the legal system, conceptions of the state, constitution-making as a process, systems of government (eg presidentialism, parliamentarism), the rule of law, the separation of powers, checks and balances, and citizenship.

 

Administrative Law

This module covers topics related to the relation between the government and its employees. It deals also with administrative contracts, good governance, means of administrative governance, and the relationship between local governments and the federal government. It is intended to explain and discuss the relevant main topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Information Technology Law

This module covers copyright of software and cyberspace, privacy, content liability and other legal issues associated with information technology. It is intended to explain and discuss the relevant main topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Sources of Obligation (2)

This module covers tort and unjust enrichment as sources of obligation. It discusses the requirement of liability in tort such as causation and remoteness. It also discusses the scope of liability, including moral and economic losses, vicarious and joint liability. The module explains the types of unjust enrichment. It discusses the relevant main topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Family Law

This module covers the legal nature of marriage and divorce and their legal consequences. It also discusses the Islamic rules of inheritance and succession under UAE law.

 

Public International Law

This module aims to introduce students to public international laws, familiarise them with the framework and mechanisms of international legal system, and provide them with knowledge of the core international topics and a solid understanding of the theoretical and practical issues attached to these areas of law. The module covers subjects of international law, sources of international law, peaceful settlement of disputes, the use of force in international law, state responsibility, jurisdiction and acquisition of territory.

 

Rules of Obligation

This module covers the execution of legal rights whether discretionary or obligatory. It deals with conditional obligations and time of performance. It also covers descriptions and modalities, obligation transmission, right and debt assignment. It is intended to consider these topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

International Organisations

This module aims to introduce students to the rules of international organisations, and familiarise them with the legal mechanisms behind the operations of international organisations. The module covers international organisations and their membership, legal personality of international organisations, functions of international organisations, privileges and immunities, responsibilities of international organisations and mechanisms of accountability, regional and specialised organisations (eg United Nations, Arab League, European Union, WTO, IMF, World Bank).

 

Company Law and Bankruptcy

This module illustrates the several types of commercial companies, their establishments, characteristics, rights and liability of directors, partners/shareholders, governance and financing, merger and takeover, distributions and capital maintenance, public disclosure and market regulation. It also discusses insolvency and bankruptcy.

 

Crimes against persons

This module covers the core elements of certain offences against the person. The topics include murder, manslaughter by negligence, bodily harm, aggravated bodily harm, suicide, assisted suicide, abortion, rape, sexual assault, fondling, indecency, adultery, incest, kidnapping, abduction and false imprisonment, harassment, threats, defamation, libel and slander.

 

 

Public Finance and Tax Law

This module explains the several types of tax, their significance and role in society. It discusses other sources of state revenue. The module explains the fiscal public budget and the process by which it is prepared and approved. It is intended to explain and discuss the relevant main topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Labour Law

The aim of the module is to provide students with an understanding of the relevant laws and regulations in the UAE applicable to employment including the rights and obligations of employers and employees and to familiarise them with international labour standards. The module covers the development and sources of labour law in UAE, working conditions, Emiratisation legislation, international labour standards and resolution of employment disputes.

 

Commercial Papers and Banking Transactions

This module is divided into two parts. The first part covers commercial papers and discusses topics such as types of commercial papers, their advantages and main characteristics, their formal and substantial elements, and the legal and illegal payment of a commercial paper with special emphasis on cheques. The second part covers selected banking transactions in addition to the general relationship between bank and customer.

 

Crimes against Property

This module covers the core elements of certain offences against property. The topics include theft, robbery, burglary, motor vehicle theft, handling stolen property, possession of stolen property, extortion and unlawful use of others’ property, fraud, deception and other forms of fraud related offences, cheque related offences, breach of trust and embezzlement, forgery, vandalism, damage to property, arson and money laundering.

 

Media Law

The module covers essential legal aspects of media including establishment and regulation of the press, press freedom and protection of journalists and their sources of information, regulatory framework in the UAE, social media and internet regulation. It also discusses the duties and legal liabilities of journalists, defamation and related torts, cyber safety and digital security.

 

Maritime Law

The scope of this module includes a general view of UAE legislation in maritime law in addition to related international conventions, the rules governing the ownership of vessels and their registration, lien, mortgages and arrest, employment contracts on board, freedom of navigation and innocent passage for warships, carriage of goods by sea and their insurance, maritime security, maritime boundary delimitation, marine pollution, and marine insurance. The module will cover important cases in UAE and international courts.

 

Right in Rem

This module covers the theory of the right in rem: means of acquiring property; transfer of property; collateral rights accruing from ownership; concurrent interests and co-ownership; easement; mortgage; and priority rights. The module covers both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Sale and Rent Contracts

The module covers several topics of sale and rent contracts including formation of contract, forms of contract, warranty of quality, warranty of title, duties and rights of parties, period of rent contract and termination of contract. It discusses the relevant main topics under both law UAE and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Construction and Agency Contracts

This module covers the requirements of construction contract, its performance, its termination, and post-completion duties. It discusses the general duties of employers, contractors, and engineers. It also illustrates the several types of construction contract. The module covers agency contracts in terms of formation, responsibilities and rights of both principals and agents, and termination. It discusses the types of agency. It discusses the relevant main topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Personal and Real Securities

This module covers the personal guarantee, formal mortgage, usufructuary mortgage and the contractual and statutory priorities of creditors. It discusses the relevant main topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Intellectual Property Law

This module provides students with an understanding of the rationales and development of intellectual property laws and familiarises them with current trends and developments in the field of intellectual property. The module covers the history and rationale of intellectual property rights, the UAE national intellectual property regime relating to copyright, trademarks and patents, the international intellectual property system and enforcement of intellectual property rights.

 

Consumer Protection Law

This module covers legal aspects of consumer transactions such as duties of suppliers, rights of consumers and monopoly. It illustrates how consumers can be protected in the era of modern technology. It discusses consumer protection, in particular methods such as online and doorstep sales. The module deals with misleading advertising and its legal consequences. The liabilities and dispute resolutions are also discussed at the end of this module. It discusses the relevant main topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Human Rights in International Law

The main objectives of this module are to provide students with an understanding of the concept and sources of human rights and civil liberties, and to familiarise them with the international and domestic obstacles to the realisation of human rights. The module covers the study of the history and legal sources of human rights, human rights under the United Nations, universality and diversity in international human rights, substantive rights, Islamic law and international human rights, role of business organisations and non-governmental organisations in the protection of human rights, compliance and monitoring mechanisms, and enforcing human rights.

 

Law of Evidence

This module is concerned with the rules and principles that govern the submission of evidence in commercial and civil cases under UAE and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE). It discusses inter alia formal and informal documents, testimony, oath and expertise.

 

Insurance Law

This module covers the rights of the insurer and insured person; risk; unfair contract terms; duty of disclosure, premium payment, duty of utmost good faith; scope of coverage. It discusses the relevant main topics under both UAE law and English law (to the extent applicable in the UAE).

 

Emerging Crimes

This module identifies the legal dangers associated with the use of the web. It sheds light on the nature of cybercrimes, the differences between cyber and conventional crimes, and it also explains the forms and types of electronic crimes and the characteristics of the criminal in such crimes.

 

It also explains the legal procedures to follow in case of exposure to such crimes, and stresses the correct behaviour in dealing with the internet.

 

Civil Procedures

The module deals with litigation proceedings in civil and commercial matters under UAE law along with comparisons with such procedures under English law. It discusses the structure of the courts, the steps of filing a lawsuit, the proceedings before each court, and the drafting and issuance of judgements.

 

Criminal Procedures

This module covers the rules, process and criminal procedures concerning the administration of justice by ensuring suspects’ rights throughout the following stages of the criminal case: initial police contact stage; arrest stage; investigation stage; trial stage; sentencing and appeals. The topics include introduction to criminal procedure, investigation proceedings, jurisdiction and evidence, courts, the pre-trial process, trial, sentencing and punishment, appeal, post-conviction relief, effect of the final judgements, and the extinguishment of lawsuit and penalty.

 

Law of Investment

This module introduces students to the principles behind the law of foreign investment, and familiarises them with the legal framework that governs the making and protection of foreign investment. The module covers the history of international investment law, sources of international investment law, role and functions of international investment law, foreign investment contracts and settlement of investment disputes.

 

Legal Practice Training

In this internal training, students deal with hypothetical cases and legal situations that require legal treatment.  Students must apply all relevant legal provisions to the points of fact of each given situation. Students are asked to draft memorandums, judgements, contracts and statements of claim and defence.

 

Arbitration Law

This module describes the importance of arbitration as an alternative method of dispute resolution. It discusses the pros and cons of this method, and differentiates it from other methods of dispute resolution. The module provides deep analysis of the UAE Arbitration Law along with comparisons with the English Arbitration Act. This covers the five elements of the arbitral process, namely, the arbitration agreement, the arbitral tribunal, the arbitral proceedings, the arbitral awards, and challenge and enforcement of such awards.

 

Execution Procedures

This module is concerned with the rules and principles that govern the execution procedures of the executive documents stated by the UAE Law of Civil Proceedings along with comparisons with the parallel rules and principles of English law.

 

Private International Law

This module introduces students to private international law and familiarises them with the current theories of private international law and conflict of laws. Topics covered include the nature and scope of private international law, applicable law, jurisdictions over persons and things and in disputes relating to domestic relations, taking of evidence abroad, recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards.

 

Graduation Research Project

In this module, the student will undertake a short research project. The student will focus on applying the knowledge learnt in several modules to analyse, revise, improve and assess a relevant topic. The research project module will rely on independent study by the student although there will also be a class activity for all students. The module will start in the first week in a class attended by all students where they will be exposed to the concept of the project, outline and scope, requirements and deadlines.

The British University in Dubai

Block 11, 1st and 2nd floor, Dubai International Academic City PO Box 345015, Dubai, UAE

Tel: +971 4 279 1400

Whatsapp: +971 50 701 2843

Email: [email protected]