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A survey of semantic analysis approaches
Salloum S.A., Khan R., Shaalan K., (2020).
Semantics is a branch of linguistics, which aims to investigate the meaning of language. Semantics deals with the meaning of sentences and words as fundamentals in the world. Semantic analysis within the framework of natural language processing evaluates and represents human language and analyzes texts written in the English language and other natural languages with the interpretation similar to those of human beings. This study aimed to critically review semantic analysis and revealed that explicit semantic analysis, latent semantic analysis, and sentiment analysis contribute to the leaning of natural languages and texts, enable computers to process natural languages, and reveal opinion attitudes in texts. The future prospect is in the domain of sentiment lexes. The overall results of the study were that semantics is paramount in processing natural languages and aid in machine learning. This study has covered various aspects including the Natural Language Processing (NLP), Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), Explicit Semantic Analysis (ESA), and Sentiment Analysis (SA) in different sections of this study. However, LSA has been covered in detail with specific inputs from various sources. This study also highlights the future prospects of semantic analysis domain and finally the study is concluded with the result section where areas of improvement are highlighted and the recommendations are made for the future research. This study also highlights the weakness and the limitations of the study in the discussion and results.
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